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Maragos Legal has the experience to provide sound advice and possesses the vigor to advocate on your behalf in some criminal matters. If you have been charged with a crime, take control of your life by making the right choice for representation. The repercussions are high if you are charged with a criminal offence, and what you need is an experienced criminal representative who can navigate the justice system so that you obtain the best result available. Whether the charges are summary, hybrid or indictable contact us and we could point you in the right direction.


Summary means quick and simple. Summary conviction cases are heard by a Judge in provincial court. A person charged with a summary conviction offence is usually not arrested but given a notice to appear in court at a later date. The accused must be charged within six months of the offence.

Summary offences are generally less serious charges than indictable offences. Many offences can be prosecuted as either a summary offence or an indictable offence — the Crown prosecutor makes this choice. These offences are called hybrid offences. The Crown prosecutors prosecute the less serious of these as summary conviction offences, but they may choose to treat them as more serious indictable offences.

Summary Conviction Offences


Section of Criminal Code

Assisting a deserter Section 83
Possession of a weapon in public Section 89
Impersonating a peace officer Section 130
Advising reward/immunity Section 143
Disorderly conduct Section 173
Indecent acts, public or private Section 173
Public exposure Section 173 (2)
Public nudity Section 174
Causing disturbance, indecent exhibition, loitering, etc. Section 175
Disturbing religious worship or certain meetings Section 176 (2)
Trespassing at night Section 177
Offensive volatile substance Section 178
Vagrancy Section 179
Keeping a gaming or betting house Section 201
Being found at or being a landlord or tenant of a common bawdyhouse Section 210
Being found at or being a landlord or tenant of a common bawdyhouse Section 210
Transporting a person to a bawdyhouse Section 211
Procuring or soliciting prostitution (accused stopping vehicles or pedestrians) Section 213
Unauthorized use of a bodily substance Section 258.1
Theft valued under $5,000 Section 322 & 334
Taking a motor vehicle or vessel or found therein without consent Section 335
Fraudulently obtaining food, beverage or accommodation Section 364
Pretending to practise witchcraft, sorcery, enchantment or conjuration, undertaking to tell fortunes Section 365
Indecent telephone calls Section 372 (2)
Harassing telephone calls Section 372 (3)
Fraudulently obtaining transportation Section 393 (3)
Falsifying employment record (punching time clock etc.) Section 398
Obtaining carriage by false billing Section 401
Impersonation at examination Section 404
Falsely claiming royal warrant Section 413
Unlawful use of military uniforms or certificates Section 419
Interfering with the saving of a wrecked vessel Section 438 (2)
Issuing trade stamps Section 427 (1)
Giving trade stamps to a purchaser of goods Section 427 (2)
Interfering with a marine signal Section 439
Interfering with boundary lines Section 442
Manufacture or possession of slugs and tokens Section 454
Defacing current coins Section 456
Refusal to employ for reason of membership in union Section 425
Manufacture, promotion, sale of likeness of currency (counterfeiting) Section 457
Corrupting Morals Section 163 & 169
Tied Sale Section 165 & 169
Immoral theatrical performance Section 167 & 169
Mailing obscene matter Section 168 & 169

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